Chopin Ragtime

Arranged by Kenon D. The standard pieces in this unique book are first presented in their original form, then each piece is delightfully arranged in ragtime style. This would be something really different for the early-intermediate to intermediate student. You only need to say the word “ragtime” for Scott Joplin ’s name to be immediately conjured up. An extraordinary Black composer, born the son of a labourer and former slave, Joplin was one of the most important and influential composers at the turn of the 20th century – one whose name is synonymous with an entire genre.

The Entertainer
by Scott Joplin
GenreRagtime
Form
Published1902
PublisherJohn Stark & Son
DurationTypically 3:53

'The Entertainer' is a 1902 classic piano rag written by Scott Joplin.[1] It was sold first as sheet music, and in the 1910s as piano rolls that would play on player pianos.[1] The first recording was by blues and ragtime musicians the Blue Boys in 1928, played on mandolin and guitar.[1]

As one of the classics of ragtime, it returned to international prominence as part of the ragtime revival in the 1970s, when it was used as the theme music for the 1973 Oscar-winning film The Sting. Composer and pianist Marvin Hamlisch's adaptation reached #3 on the Billboardpop chart and spent a week at #1 on the easy listening chart in 1974.[2]The Sting was set in the 1930s, a full generation after the end of ragtime's mainstream popularity, thus giving the inaccurate impression that ragtime music was popular at that time.

The Recording Industry Association of America ranked it #10 on its 'Songs of the Century' list.[1]

Music[edit]

A live performance of 'The Entertainer' in 2007.

'The Entertainer' is sub-titled 'A Rag Time Two Step', which was a form of dance popular until about 1911, and a style which was common among rags written at the time.

Its structure is: Intro–AA–BB–A–CC–Intro2–DD.[jargon][3]

It is primarily set in the key of C major; however, for the C section (commonly referred to as the 'Trio'), it modulates to the subdominant, F major, then through a transitional passage modulates back to C major for the D section.[jargon] The B section contains an indication that the melody is to be played an octave higher on the repeat.

In the June 7, 1903, St. Louis Globe-Democrat, contemporary composer Monroe H. Rosenfeld described 'The Entertainer' as 'the best and most euphonious' of Joplin's compositions to that point. 'It is a jingling work of a very original character, embracing various strains of a retentive character which set the foot in spontaneous action and leave an indelible imprint on the tympanum'.[3]

Suggested by the rag's dedication to 'James Brown and his Mandolin Club', author Rudi Blesh wrote that 'some of the melodies recall the pluckings and the fast tremolos of the little steel-stringed plectrum instruments'.[4] Stark issued an arrangement of the piece for two mandolins and a guitar.[3]

History[edit]

Publication[edit]

The copyright on 'The Entertainer' was registered December 29, 1902, along with two other Joplin rags, 'A Breeze from Alabama' and 'Elite Syncopations', all three of which were published by John Stark & Son of St. Louis, Missouri.[3] The centerpiece of the original cover art featured a minstrel show caricature of a black man in formal attire on a theater stage.

Popularity and legacy[edit]

In November 1970, Joshua Rifkin released a recording called Scott Joplin: Piano Rags[5] on the classical label Nonesuch, which featured as its second track 'The Entertainer'. It sold 100,000 copies in its first year and eventually became Nonesuch's first million-selling record.[6] The Billboard 'Best-Selling Classical LPs' chart for September 28, 1974, has the record at #5, with the follow-up Volume 2 at #4, and a combined set of both volumes at #3. Separately both volumes had been on the chart for sixty-four weeks.[7] The album was nominated in 1971 for two Grammy Award categories, Best Album Notes and Best Instrumental Soloist Performance (without orchestra), but at the ceremony on March 14, 1972, Rifkin did not win in any category.[8] In 1979 Alan Rich in the New York Magazine wrote that by giving artists like Rifkin the opportunity to put Joplin's music on disk, Nonesuch Records 'created, almost alone, the Scott Joplin revival'.[9]

Marvin Hamlisch lightly adapted and orchestrated Joplin's music for the 1973 film The Sting, for which he won an Academy Award for Best Original Song Score and Adaptation on April 2, 1974.[8] His version of 'The Entertainer' reached #3 on the Billboard Hot 100 on May 18, 1974,[10][11] prompting The New York Times to write, 'the whole nation has begun to take notice'.[12] Thanks to the film and its score, Joplin's work became appreciated in both the popular and classical music worlds, becoming (in the words of music magazine Record World), the 'classical phenomenon of the decade'.[13] In the United States, 'The Entertainer' is one of many songs commonly played by ice cream trucks to attract attention.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abcdSullivan, Steve (May 12, 2017). Encyclopedia of Great Popular Song Recordings. 3. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 32–33. ISBN9781442254497.
  2. ^Whitburn, Joel (2002). Top Adult Contemporary: 1961–2001. Record Research. p. 110. ISBN0-89820-149-7.
  3. ^ abcdJasen, David A.; Trebor Jay Tichenor (1978). Rags and Ragtime: A Musical History. New York: Dover. pp. 89–90. ISBN0-486-25922-6.
  4. ^Rudi Blesh, p. xxiv, 'Scott Joplin: Black-American Classicist', Introduction to Scott Joplin Collected Piano Works, New York Public Library, 1981
  5. ^'Scott Joplin Piano Rags Nonesuch Records CD (w/bonus tracks)'. Nonesuch.com. Retrieved March 19, 2009.
  6. ^'Nonesuch Records'. Nonesuch.com. Retrieved March 19, 2009.
  7. ^Billboard 1974a, p. 61.
  8. ^ abLA Times n.d.
  9. ^Rich 1979.
  10. ^'Charis Music Group, compilation of cue sheets from the American Top 40 radio Show'(PDF). Retrieved September 5, 2009.
  11. ^Billboard 1974b, p. 64.
  12. ^Kronenberger, John (August 11, 1974). 'The Ragtime Revival—A Belated Ode to Composer Scott'. The New York Times.
  13. ^Record World Magazine. July 1974, quoted in: Berlin, Edward A. (1996). King of Ragtime: Scott Joplin and His Era, p. 251.
  14. ^Neely, Daniel Tannehill (Spring 2005). 'Soft Serve: Charting the aural promise of ice cream truck music'(PDF). Esopus. New York City (4). Archived from the original(PDF) on February 5, 2009.

Sources[edit]

  • 'Entertainment Awards Database'. Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 18, 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2009.
  • 'Best Selling Classical LPs'. Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (September 28, 1974). 1974a. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
  • 'Hot 100'. Billboard. Nielsen Business Media (May 18, 1974). 1974b. Retrieved August 5, 2011.
  • Rich, Alan (1979). 'Music'. New York (December 24, 1979): 81. Retrieved August 5, 2011.

External links[edit]

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
  • Media related to Scott Joplin The Entertainer at Wikimedia Commons
  • Musical score and MIDI file at the Mutopia Project
  • Sheet music and mp3 at mfiles.co.uk (interactive version requires Sibelius Scorch)
  • Free typeset sheet music from Cantorion.org
Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Entertainer_(rag)&oldid=1019024116'

» MIDI Dill pickles, Ragtime

Standard 88-note Roll (live) recording, piano: ?

Piano Rolls:

Works in alphabetic order.

» MIDI The cascades, a rag (1904)
» MIDI The cascades, a rag (1904) *

88 notes or * Duo-Art (live) recording, piano: ?

» MIDI The entertainer (?)

Chopin Jazzed Up

Duo-Art (live) recording, piano: Oakes & Williams

» MIDI Euphonic sound (1909)

88 notes roll recording, piano: Scott Joplin

» MIDI Gladiolus rag (1911)

88 notes roll recording, piano: ?

» MIDI Grace and beauty (1909)

88 notes roll recording, piano: Max Morath

» MIDI Magnetic rag (?) °
» MIDI Magnetic rag (1914) *
» MIDI Magnetic rag (1914)

88 notes or ° Ampico or * ? (live) recording, piano: Scott Joplin

» MIDI Maple leaf rag (?)

88 notes roll recording, piano: Scott Joplin

» MIDI Old miss rag (1916)

88 notes roll recording, piano: Scott Joplin

» MIDI Pineapple [Pine apple] rag (1908)

88 notes roll recording, piano: William Bolcomb

» MIDI Pineapple [Pine apple] rag (1908)

88 notes roll recording, piano: Oakes & Williams

» MIDI Silver swan rag (1914)

88 notes roll recording, piano: ?

» MIDI Something doing (1903)
» MIDI Something doing (1916) °
» MIDI Something doing (?) *

? or ° 88 notes or * Ampico (live) recording, piano: Scott Joplin

» MIDI Weeping willow (1903)
» MIDI Weeping willow (1911)
» MIDI Weeping willow (1916)

88 notes roll recording, piano: Scott Joplin

Medley:

» MIDI Medley: Pineapple rag & Easy winners (1908?)

Iwork office. Duo-Art (live) recording, piano: James Kelsey & William Flynt

» MIDI Medley: Fig leaf rag + Sensation

88 notes roll recording, piano: J. Lawrence Cook

» MIDI Medley: Entertainer, Joplins new rag
» MIDI Medley: Entertainer, Joplins new rag

88 notes roll recording, piano: J. Lawrence Cook

Real performance by Nausica Th. Classical:

» MIDI Original Rags

Tonality: G major. Published in 1899 by Carl Hoffman.

Arranged by Chas. N. Daniels.

» MIDI Maple Leaf Rag

Tonality: A flat major. Published in 1899 *

» MIDI Swipesy - Cakewalk

Co-Author: Arthur Marshall.

Tonality: B flat major. Published in 1900 *

» MIDI Peacherine Rag

Tonality: E flat major. Published in 1901 *

Used on the Audio Book The Sugarhouse by Donald O'Donovan, California, USA (© 2004)

» MIDI The Entertainer. A rag time two step

Tonality: C major. Published in 1902 *

Chopin Ragtime

Dedicated to James Brown and his Mandolin Club

» MIDI The Cascades - A Rag

Tonality: C major. Published on 1904 by John Stark and Son

» MIDI Rag-Time dance

Tonality: C major. Published in 1906 *

» MIDI Fig leaf rag, a high class rag (in B flat)

Tonality: C major. Published in 1908 by Stark Music

» MIDI Country Club (Ragtime Two Step)

Tonality: C major. Published on 1909 by Seminary Music Co.

Real performances by © Alessandro Simonetto
* Were published by Stark & Son in St. Louis (and/or N.Y.)

Piano Rolls:

Works in alphabetic order.

» MIDI Joe Lamb's old rag (1907)
» MIDI Patricia rag (1916)

88 notes (live) recording, piano: Joseph (Joe) Lamb

» MIDI The bee-hive rag (1959)

88 notes (live) recording, piano: ?

Piano Rolls:

Works in alphabetic order.

» MIDI Black bottom stomp (1919)

Grieg Chopin Ragtime

88 notes (live) recording, piano: Hi Babit

» MIDI Grandpas spells (1926)
» MIDI Jelly Roll blues (1924)
» MIDI London blues (1924)
» MIDI Mr. Jelly Lord (1923) °
» MIDI Mr. Jelly lord (1924)
» MIDI Perfect rag + Frog-i-more rag (?)

88 notes or ° ? Duo-Art (live) recording, piano: Jelly Roll Morton (?)

» MIDI King Porter stomp (1924)
» MIDI Milenberg joys (1925)

88 notes (live) recording, piano: J. Lawrence Cook

Piano Rolls:

Works in alphabetic order.

» MIDI Climax rag (1914) *
» MIDI New era rag (1919) *
» MIDI Hilarity rag (1910)

88 notes or Golden Age (live) recording, piano: James Scott

Chopin Ragtime

» MIDI Honeymoon rag (1916)

88 notes (live) recording, piano: Steve Williams

» MIDI Frog legs rag (1910)

Chopin Jazz Version

88 notes (live) recording, piano: J. Lawrence Cook

[Top of page]